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The Democratic Republic of Congo

Some Facts

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Some Facts


Official name: République Démocratique du Congo
National anthem: Debout Congolais
Indepency: 1960 from Belgium (30 June 1960 = National Day)
Population: 52.7 million (UN, 2003) - (16.2 million population at independence in 1960)
President: Joseph Kabila (interim government)
Capital: Kinshasa
Population of Kinshasa: 6'789'900 (2004) - 2'664'300 (1984)
Area: 2.34m sq km (3rd largest country in Africa)
Land border boundaries: 10'744 km (Angola 2,511 km, Burundi 233 km, Central African Republic 1'577 km, Republic of the Congo 2'410 km, Rwanda 217 km, Sudan 628 km, Tanzania 473 km, Uganda 765 km, Zambia 1'930 km
Coast line: 37 km
Climate: Tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season April to October, dry season December to February; south of Equator - wet season November to March, dry season April to October
Terrain: Vast central basin is a low-lying plateau; mountains in east
Highest Peak: Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley) 5,110 m, close to the Ugandan border 
Largest river: Congo 4'380 km (2nd largest in Africa after the Nile)
Railway tracks: 3'641 km
National road system: 157'000 km (roads...?) 
Major languages: French, Lingala, Kiswahili, Kikongo and Tshiluba
Local languages and dialects: 700
Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%
Ethnic groups: over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Life expectancy: 41 years (men), 43 years (women) (UN)
Monitary unit: 1 Congelese Franc = 100 centimes
1 USD: 429 FC (End October 2004)
Main exports: Dikembe Mutombo, diamonds, gold, coltan, cooper, coffee, cobalt, crude oil
Natural resources: cobalt, coltnan, copper, cadmium, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, germanium, uranium, radium, bauxite, iron ore, coal, hydropower, timber
Cobalt: largest producer worldwide
Hydropower: 93.75 % of the electricity produced - 1994 figures (greatest hydropower potential in Africa)
Major trading partners: Belgium, U.S., Zimbabwe, Finland, South Africa, Nigeria, France, Germany, Netherlands, Kenya
GNI per capita: USD 100 (World Bank 2002)
International Organizations: member of UN, WTO and African Union
Local beers: Skol and Primus
Internet domain: .cd
International dialing code: +243
Nickname of the national football team: Les Simbas

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